Critical reading skills – how to interpret and analyze literature, including the use of literary devices such as metaphors, similes, personifications, etc.
Research skills – how to identify credible sources, how to search for specific research online and how to use keywords, helpful links used by US students
Formatting – how to format a bibliography page (very important in the US because of strict cheating and plagiarizing laws), how to format certain things within a paper such as titles of different types of works, foreign words, proper names, etc
Citing – how to properly cite quotations, summarizations, paraphrases, etc in a paper
Writing structure – the 5 paragraph format of a standard US paper, including specific advice on how to write an introduction paragraph, three body paragraphs with evidence, and a conclusion
Thesis development – how to develop a high-level thesis and where to place it in a paper
Quotations – how to identify strong, helpful quotations vs poor ones, how to format a quote (single sentence, block quote, etc), how to choose meaningful quotes to enhance a paper, and how to identify weak, unnecessary, or counterproductive quotes.
Reading analysis – how to analyze historical or cultural context from a fictional book, how to compare fictional history to actual history through research
部分参考书目和阅读材料： Book List & Other Reading Materials:
《 The Lightening Thief 》by Rick Riordan – A fictional story about a 12 year old boy, set in the US cities of New York, St. Louis, Denver, Las Vegas, and LA, and also includes history about Greek mythology (Greek Gods that almost every student in the US knows about by high school).
《 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 》by Mark Twain – This book follows the fictional adventures of two middle school boys, chronicling their lives growing up in small-town America on the Mississippi River in the late 1800s.
《 To Kill A Mockingbird 》by Harper Lee – An extremely famous book for American middle schoolers, this Pulitzer Prize winning story describes life in a Southern town that deals with the issues of racism and slavery in the 50s.
Poems or Short Essays – used to hone critical reading skills